Revolutionary Communist Party of Volta (PCRV)
Africa is pregnant with democratic, anti-imperialist, anti-reactionary and anti-bureaucratic revolution
The African continent, object of greed and centre of inter-imperialist
rivalries in the context of the deepening crisis of the imperialist
system and the struggle for the redivision of geostrategic spheres and
spheres of influence, is mired in a great political storm characterized
by the following facts:
many parts of the continent (West, Central, East, Southern Africa,
etc.) its states are shaken by the crisis of the capitalist-imperialist
system, are very fragile and unable to meet the aspirations and demands
of the peoples. They are in abject poverty and misery.
despotic and autocratic regimes imposed by military coups, by electoral
fraud or reactionary civil wars impose on the people a social order
marked by the absence of the most basic democratic freedoms.
reactionary armed conflict and violence increases everywhere, in
different countries and regions in Africa (Ivory Coast, Mali,
Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Central African Republic, Guinea-Bissau,
Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo, etc.).
struggle among the imperialist powers (U.S., France, Great Britain,
Germany, etc.) and between these imperialist powers and new ones such
as China, India, Brazil and Turkey that seek to control of areas of
influence in the framework of the struggle for the redivision of the
world. These rivalries are also part of the struggle for the conquest
of markets and looting of the enormous mineral and agricultural
resources of Africa (oil, uranium, copper, coltan,1 coffee, cocoa,
- The development and the struggle for the
political and social emancipation of the African peoples, particularly
the youth, by social revolts and mass popular movements, strongly
express their demands for democratic and social rights.
These struggles, although certainly uneven depending on the country, are primarily directed against:
Structural Adjustment Programs (SAP) imposed by the imperialist powers
and international financial institutions, the IMF, World Bank and World
Trade Organization (WTO).
- The neo-colonial,
bureaucratic, reactionary and autocratic regimes (both civil and
military) and their instruments of oppression, the fascistic Parties of
Defence and Security, the State without rights, etc.
movement deserves our particular attention to draw conclusions on the
basis of our Marxist-Leninist principles and promote the struggles of
the African proletariat and peoples with the perspective of national
and social liberation.
I) The development and fundamental
characteristics of the movement for political, economic and social
emancipation of the African peoples
a) The political, economic and social demands of the African peoples aim at the following points:
freedom and a truly democratic state that can open the way for the full
achievement of individual and collective freedoms and social progress.
of expression, movement, association, including the freedom to create
political parties in a full multiparty system.
of self-determination, to freely choose the political and economic
system, rejection of imperialist military aggressions and
interventions, rejection of the buying up of the patrimony and public
assets as a result of privatization imposed by the IMF and the World
- <>Jobs for all, access to health facilities, decent housing for
all, access to education and eradication of illiteracy, food
movement for political and social emancipation has a massive character:
millions of men, women and youth are awakening to political life and
are actively taking up the struggle with determination to achieve their
legitimate demands. In many countries there have been large popular
demonstrations against the high cost of living, corruption, fraud and
impunity for political and economic crimes (marketplace gatherings and
rallies that have become bloody clashes with the military), economic
strikes and political strikes of the masses. Some of these movements
have taken the character of an insurrection (Benin, Togo, Burkina Faso,
Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar, South Africa, etc.).
current movement of political and social emancipation of the African
peoples goes up against the neo-colonial system in which the corrupt
bourgeoisie in power wades between uncertainty and incompetence. Today
the democratic anti-imperialist, anti-reactionary and anti-bureaucratic
revolution, as an alternative to the current situation, is on the
agenda for the future and to achieve a social order based on the full
realization of people in the material field as well as in the
intellectual, cultural, moral and spiritual fields.
characterizes this movement is the lack of the subjective factor of the
revolution. From this come its limitations, its political and
organizational weaknesses so that often, even in revolutionary
situations, the peoples are unable to convert the movement into a real
revolution. This political, ideological and organizational weakness
leaves room for manoeuvre to the imperialist powers and their African
allies that allows them to recuperate or liquidate these movements that
are the bearers of hope for the proletariat and peoples.
struggle for the emancipation of African peoples broadly confirm the
fundamental theses of Marxism-Leninism and highlight the following
- The bourgeois reactionary theses, the
reformist theses of all kinds on the impossibility of the revolution,
are being defeated by the concrete struggle of the popular masses who
are demanding a new, progressive social order that would replace the
neo-colonial capitalist order superseded by time. Also defeated are the
capitulationist theories on the “almighty power of imperialism, which
is invincible and to which the people must bow down.” In the concrete
struggle the African peoples are giving evidence of determination and
heroism against the neo-colonial regimes (as in Niger, Mali, Burkina
Faso, Benin, Senegal, Nigeria, etc.), which are leading the
imperialists and their allies to disorder and confusion. The
revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt that have overthrown the dictators Ben
Ali and Mubarak are good examples of the spirit of resistance and
struggle of the peoples. All this testifies to the fact that the
possibilities of imperialism are diminishing and that they find
themselves in decline. On the other hand, the possibilities of the
proletariat and peoples are progressively increasing.
attempts that imperialism and its African allies are carrying out to
recover their strength or liquidate the movement for emancipation of
the peoples are clearly showing that:
anti-imperialist struggle, in order to be consistent, must also be a
struggle against the classes and strata that are allied with
imperialism. That is, at the same time it is a class struggle.
democratic, anti-reactionary and anti-bureaucratic revolution that is
highly relevant in Africa should have the perspective of transition
from capitalism to socialism, which is the fundamental problem of our
era (the era of imperialism and proletarian revolutions).
with the development of the popular struggles, imperialism and its
African allies are launching atrocious reactionary violence (political
assassinations, attacks on peaceful demonstrations, arrests and
barbaric torture on freedom fighters, brutal interventions of foreign
military forces to restore the colonial order, etc.) against the
peoples. Drawing lessons from the behaviour of imperialism and its
allies, the masses perceive ever more fully the necessity of
revolutionary violence, and in a singular manner they are increasingly
practicing insurrectionary forms of struggle.
the temporary defeat of socialism internationally and the consequent
ebb in the world revolutionary movement, the reactionary bourgeoisie,
the opportunists and reformists of every kind and colour were quick to
proclaim the end of communism and of related ideologies : the “class
struggle,” “the need for national reconciliation,” “tolerance and
forgiveness,” etc. The present situation puts the lie to these rants;
life is increasingly clearly demonstrating that these sermons come from
a current of crushing pressures of imperialism and the bourgeoisie who
are futilely taking refuge in reforms of the capitalist system, whose
wrongdoings and ugliness are repugnant. In the current situation in
Africa, reformism is trying to defend colonialism and avoid a
revolutionary solution to the crisis sweeping the continent
II) What is the solution to the deep crisis sweeping the African continent?
Faced with the crisis, the imperialists and their African allies are on
the defensive, seeking a bourgeois solution that allows them to save
and reinforce the bases of capitalist and neocolonial exploitation and
oppression in the different countries. To do this, they carry out
political, economic and social reforms, specifically the implementation
of Structural Adjustment Plans through the IMF and World Bank. These
are liberal political and economic reforms, to stimulate a certain
development of capitalism in the African countries, through integration
into the world capitalist system; replacing the colonial economic base
in these countries with a neo-colonial economic base. This would permit
concretely the following:
- Strengthening the social and political basis of neo-colonialism
to renew the development of the local bourgeoisie. With this the
bourgeoisie can be more conscious of its role as defender of the
capitalist system, and be more effective in the management of
neo-colonial interests. That is the real purpose of the Structural
Adjustment Programs (SAP) and all the measures of economic, financial
and political restructuring. However, the implementation of these
programs has not been achieved calmly or without problems. On the
are sharpening the inter-imperialist contradictions that acquire a
particular character since they coincide with the struggle for the
redivision of the world and of Africa, taking into account the
subsequent changes and rivalries within the imperialist system for its
- The class struggles in the different
countries are becoming sharper and more complex, which sometimes
confuses the proletariat and the peoples who are not sufficiently
organized and are not fully conscious of what is at stake.
put forward the need for imperialism and its African allies for open
repression against the proletariat and the peoples, policies and they
also implement defensive tactical policies to divert people’s movements
into reformist paths. This shows the inability of imperialism and its
local allies to find solutions that meet the basic demands of the
African peoples; this also shows that the defenders of the neo-colonial
order have a certain room for manoeuvre to delay the victory of the
revolution by diverting and repressing the revolutionary movement in
this or that country given the current state of affairs.
all this, the birth or strengthening of Marxist-Leninist parties in
Africa is imperative. These parties must raise the flag of the
revolution for national and social liberation. This is a crucial task
in the present period of acute crisis of capitalism and imperialism,
for without a real Communist Party the proletariat is like army without
a general staff, and cannot dream of overthrowing imperialism and
seizing power. This is one of Lenin’s teachings:
“...we have now
come to the question of the revolutionary crisis as the basis of our
revolutionary action. [...] There is no such thing as an absolutely
hopeless situation. The bourgeoisie are behaving like barefaced
plunderers who have lost their heads; they are committing folly after
folly, thus aggravating the situation and hastening their doom. All
that is true. But nobody can ‘prove’ that it is absolutely impossible
for them to pacify a minority of the exploited with some petty
concessions, and suppress some movement or uprising of some section of
the oppressed and exploited. To try to ‘prove ‘ in advance that there
is ‘absolutely ‘ no way out of the situation would be sheer pedantry,
or playing with concepts and catchwords. Practice alone can serve as
real ‘proof’ in this and similar questions. All over the world, the
bourgeois system is experiencing a tremendous revolutionary crisis. The
revolutionary parties must now “prove” in practice that they have
sufficient understanding and organization, contact with the exploited
masses, and determination and skill to utilize this crisis for a
successful, a victorious revolution.”2
The revolutionary struggle in Africa, as in the whole world, is based
on a correct understanding and consistent practice of proletarian
Proletarian internationalism is the unity of thought and action of the
proletariat of each country and of the world proletariat as a whole, in
its struggle to overthrow the capitalist order by revolutionary
violence; to destroy bourgeois power to its foundations, to seize the
means of production, to build the World Republic of Soviets.
Proletarian internationalism is thus one of the most powerful weapons
of the revolution and of the building of communism, and it is an
indispensable condition to achieve it.
The world and multifaceted support for the struggles of the proletariat
and the peoples of Africa, of France and of the world, is now more than
ever on the order of the day.
We have to contribute to the development of the Marxist-Leninist
parties and organizations on the African continent. We must help to
strengthen the International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and
Organizations that is today a pole of reference and a very useful tool
for the unity of the international Marxist-Leninist Movement, for the
revolutionary struggle of the peoples of Africa and of the world for
national and social liberation.
Long Live the Struggle of the Peoples of Africa for Their National and Social Liberation!
Long Live Proletarian Internationalism!
Revolutionary Communist Party of Volta
1 Coltan is a mineral that is strategic for high technology. The
Democratic Republic of the Congo holds 80% of this mineral, which is
considered a non-renewable resource, for the possession of which this
republic has been at war since 1998.
2 Second Congress of the Communist International: “Report on the
International Situation and the Fundamental Tasks of the Communist
International,” July 19, 1920.