Decembrists – Revolutionaries of the nobility who
were opposed to the autocratic monarchy and serfdom. They organised an
unsuccessful revolt in December 1825.
Manilovism – Smug complacency, inactivity, futile
daydreaming; from Manilov, a character in Gogol's Dead Souls.
Okhrana – Secret political police department in
tsarist Russia, formed to combat the revolutionary movement.
Nepman – A private manufacturer, trader, or profiteer in the early period of the New Economic Policy (NEP).
Technical minimum – Minimum level of technical knowledge required of workers in Socialist industry.
Trudoviki – A petty-bourgeois group formed in 1906
consisting of part of the peasant members of the First State Duma
headed by Socialist-Revolutionary intellectuals.
Borotbists – Left wing of the Ukrainian
Social-Revolutionaries, a chauvinist nationalist party; until 1918 they
published a central organ known as Borotba.
Zemsky Nachalnik – An official with police,
magisterial and administrative functions appointed from the nobility.
Zemsky Sobor – An assembly of representatives of
the estates convened in Russia in the sixteenth and seventeenth
centuries to deliberate with the government.
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